Involuntary spasms of the diaphragm, usually short-lived and not a sign of something serious.

It is a transient phenomenon and may occur as manifes- tation of many diseases such as neuroses, CNS disorders, GIT disorders, etc. It may be only symptom of peptic oesophagitis.

Treatment:-



-Slow deep breathing.
-Neooctinum 30 drops in a glass of water every 4hourly. or
Neooctinum dragees 1 tds.

-Tab Valium 2 mg tds.
If no response then
Injection Largactil (Chlorpromazine) 25 mg IM or 50 mg orally.

-Antispasmodics, i.e. Atropine sulphate 0.3-0.6 mg subcutaneously.
-Amylnitrate inhalation may be effective.
-Antacids-Gelucil/Digene tab after each meal.
If it still persist
-Gastric lavage with ice cold saline or 1 per cent sodabicarb solution.

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