BRONCHO-PNEUMONIA

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Bronchopneumonia is a type of pneumonia, a condition that causes inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include coughing, breathing difficulties, and fever. Causes include bacterial, viral, or fungal chest infections.

Symptoms:-

The symptoms of bronchopneumonia vary, depending on the severity of the condition. Symptoms are more likely to be severe in people who have weaker immune systems, such as young children, older adults, or people who have certain conditions or are taking specific medications.

Symptoms of bronchopneumonia may include:

  • Fever
  • breathing difficulty, such as shortness of breath
  • chest pain that may get worse with coughing or breathing deeply
  • coughing up mucus
  • sweating
  • chills or shivering
  • muscle aches
  • low energy and fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • confusion or disorientation, especially in older adults
  • dizziness
  • nausea and vomiting
  • coughing up blood

What other problems can pneumonia cause?

Sometimes pneumonia can cause serious complications such as:

  • Bacteremia, which happens when the bacteria move into the bloodstream. It is serious and can lead to septic shock.
  • Lung abscesses, which are collections of pus in cavities of the lungs
  • Pleural disorders , which are conditions that affect the pleura. The pleura is the tissue that covers the outside of the lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity.
  • Kidney failure
  • Respiratory failure

How is pneumonia diagnosed?

Sometimes pneumonia can be hard to diagnose. This is because it can cause some of the same symptoms as a cold or the flu. It may take time for you to realize that you have a more serious condition.

Your health care provider may use many tools to make a diagnosis:

  • A medical history, which includes asking about your symptoms
  • A physical exam, including listening to your lungs with a stethoscope
  • Various tests, such as
    • A chest x-ray
    • Blood tests such as a complete blood count (CBC) to see if your immune system is actively fighting an infection
    • A Blood culture to find out whether you have a bacterial infection that has spread to your bloodstream

Treatment:-

  • Antibiotics treat bacterial pneumonia and some types of fungal pneumonia. They do not work for viral pneumonia.
  • In some cases, your provider may prescribe antiviral medicines for viral pneumonia
  • Antifungal medicines treat other types of fungal pneumonia

In case of infants and young children disease has to be treated on emergency basis.


-Good nursing is essential to conserve child’s energy.
-Sedatives may be given if child is restless and distressing.
-High concentration of O2 will relieve distress.
-Crystalline Penicillin 5 lacs units IM 6 hourly or Amoxycillin 25 mg/kg/day in divided doses 6-8
hourly.
-In dry cough, linctus may be given.
-Collapse—Stimultants like Coramine or Micoren.
-Fever—Crocin/Mejoral may be used.

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