Do’s and don’ts
for avoiding infections
Follow these tips to help lower your risk of infections:
• Do practice good hygiene
Wash your hands before handling food, after using the bath-
room and after handling pets. Wash your hands often when you have a cold.
• Don’t share eating or drinking utensils That’s a good way to spread infections.
• Do cook certain foods thoroughly — especially hamburger — to kill bacteria
Don’t eat raw or undercooked meat or poultry, raw seafood or raw eggs. Don’t drink or cook with unpasteurized milk.
• Don’t drink water that’s likely contaminated
That includes, for example, water from streams or lakes near campsites or hiking trails.
• Don’t put your fingers in your mouth or eyes Doing so transmits germs.
• Do avoid contact with ticks and rodents Stay away from these and other disease carriers.
• Do keep up to date with vaccinations
They can protect you from life-threatening infectious diseases.
• Do recognize signs of generalized infections
Signs and symptoms include, for example, fever, sweats and chills. For skin infections, look for redness and warmth.
• Don’t delay contacting your doctor if you’re sick Many serious infections are treatable in the early stages.
• Don’t expect an antibiotic each time you’re sick Antibiotics don’t help with some common infections, and over- use encourages the growth of drug-resistant microorganisms.