Symptoms may include:-

Saliva that feels thick or stingy, rough, dry tongue, bad breath, mouth ulcers, dry and cracked lips, susceptibility to oral thrush infections, high rate of tooth decay, a prickly burning sensation in the mouth and so on. Depending on the cause, dry mouth syndrome may be associated with symptoms outside the mouth including: Dry and itchy eyes, dry nose or throat, frequent coughing, reduced sense of smell, constipation, joint pains or stiffness, feeling unwell.


Many different conditions, some short term and others long term, can disrupt the production of saliva. These conditions may include:-

Drugs and medications:-

About 600 drugs and medications. These include antithistamines, high blood pressure medications, sedatives, decongestants, analgesics, antidepressants and illegal drugs such as cocaine.


Drinking too little fluid can cause thick saliva and a dry mouth. Other causes of dehydration include medical conditions such as blood loss, diarrhea or kidney failure.

Certain diseases:-

It include AIDS, amyloidosis, cerebral palsy, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, and lupus.

Treatment depends on the cause but may include:-

Changes in medicines:- If you are taking a medicine that cause dry mouth as a side effect, the doctor may be able to alter the dose or prescribe an alternative medicine.

How to cure:- Be guided by your doctor and dentist, but general self care suggestions include:-

  • Brush your teeth at least twice daily.
  • Use fluoride-containing products.
  • Treat dry lips with Vaseline or some other type of greasy balm, such as lanolin. An air humidifier used in your bedroom may help.
  • Ask your dentist for advice on toothpaste suitable for dry mouth syndrome.

Tips for controlling dry mouth syndrome:-

  • Chew food thoroughly before swallowing.
  • Include watery food in your diet.
  • Avoid crunch foods that could injure the mouth, such as crackers or potato crips.
  • Avoid acidic foods and beverages such as soft drinks, citrus fruits to protect your tooth enamel.
  • Restrict sugary foods and drinks or avoid them altogether.
  • Avoid mint and mint mouthwashes as these products tend to aggravate dry mouth tissue and increase the risk of tooth decay.
  • Avoid any substance that increases mouth dryness. These include cigarettes, alcohol, caffeinated drinks and spicy foods.
  • Sip plain tap water often. Carry a bottle.


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