How to Control dandruff
Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which small pieces of dry skin flake off of the scalp. If you have dark hair or you’re wearing dark colors, you may notice the flakes in your hair or on your shoulders. Dandruff may also make your scalp itch.
Many people believe that dandruff is caused by poor hygiene, but this is not true. Although infrequent shampooing can make dandruff more obvious, researchers are still studying the causes, which appear to be complex.
Try these suggestions to control common dandruff:
• Shampoo regularly
Start with a mild, nonmedicated shampoo. Gently massage your scalp to loosen flakes. Rinse thoroughly.
• Use medicated shampoo for stubborn cases
Look for those containing pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid, coal tar or selenium sulfide in brands such as Denorex, Head & Shoulders, Neutrogena T/Gel, Selsun Blue or Tegrin. For best results, use a dandruff shampoo each time you shampoo.
• Use tar-based shampoos carefully
These shampoos are strong dandruff deterrents, but they can
leave a brownish stain on light-colored or gray hair. They can also make your scalp more sensitive to the sun. Check the label for ingredients.
• Treat your hair gently
Dandruff shampoos can be harsh on your hair and scalp. Use
a conditioner regularly. For mild cases of dandruff, alternate dandruff shampoo with your regular shampoo.
• See a dermatologist
If dandruff persists or if your scalp becomes irritated or severely itchy, you may need a prescription shampoo. An antifungal cream called ketoconazole (Nizoral) often works against dandruff and is available as a shampoo.