OVERVIEW OF HYPERTENSION

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WORLD HYPERTENSION DAY is celebrated every year on May 17 to raise the public awareness about the hypertension, its preventive measures and complications. It was first celebrated on May 14 in the year 2005, organized by the World Hypertension League (WHL).

Celebrating World Hypertension Day all over the world was established and started by the World Hypertension League (WHL). WHL is a health organization leads around 85 national hypertension societies and associations worldwide. It had started the campaign of ‘Hypertension day’ to increase public awareness about the hypertension. It aimed to fill the gap of the lack of appropriate knowledge among people about the hypertension and people suffering from it.

What is hypertension?:- Hypertension is a condition called high blood pressure during which the arterial blood pressure raises to high level from the normal level (12080 mm Hg). It is medical condition called as silent killer as it does not show any clear symptoms however severe hypertension show some symptoms of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, ringing sensation in the ears, breathing difficulty, irregular heartbeat which may lead to even coma.

Signs:-  Blood pressure can be measured by blood pressure monitor. Having high blood pressure for a short time can be a normal response to many situations. Acute stress and intense exercise, for instance, can briefly elevate blood pressure in a healthy person. For this reason, a diagnosis of hypertension normally requires several readings that show high blood pressure over time. The systolic reading of 130 mm Hg refers to the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body. The diastolic reading of 80 mm Hg refers to the pressure as the heart relaxes and refills with blood.

Facts:-

  • Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress but it can happen on its own or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease.
  • Unmanaged hypertension can lead to heart attack, stroke and other problems.
  • Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure risk factors.
  • Ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading at least every two years starting at age 18. If you are age 40 or older or you are age 18 to 39 with a bigger risk of high blood pressure, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading every year without fail.

 

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