Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Indian Women


way God created woman is a wonderful yet complex creation . As a girl reaches puberty (sexual development is complete), her body undergoes drastic changes. Thereafter, taking up marriage, sex, children brings lot of changes to her.

Along with the good changes, carelessness can sometimes bring bad effects on her health. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is one such common problem in Indian women these days.

What is PID?

PID is any bacterial infection taking place in abdominal area. Any women of reproductive age group who is sexually active is at a risk of PID. It generally includes the reproductive organs of ovaries, fallopian tube, uterus.  Mostly, Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea bacterial infections cause PID.

Factors for cause of PID

  •  poor hygiene practices
  •  having multiple sex partners
  •  any sexually transmitted infection
  •  intrauterine device for longer time
  •  abortion operations

Distribution in Cities and Villages

In villages, the occurrence of PID is higher because women get married early. As a result, their sexual encounters are more frequent. Also, they spend a longer reproductive phase. So, the chances of pregnancy and abortion are more too. More number of abortions allow invasion of placenta, and therefore, chances of infection.

Unfortunately, knowledge of hygiene practices is not much in rural women and men. Access to medical care or talking freely about reproductive issues is not common in villages.

A study in north Indian population suggested the most infected age group as 31-40 years.

In urban cities, PID is reported but the proportion is lesser than their rural counterparts.

Consequences of PID

One should not take PID lightly. It depends on the type of bacterial infection. The symptoms appear quite late. They could be abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding after intercourse or normally. Not taking timely treatment can sometimes result in fertility related problems, ectopic pregnancy, etc.


Like other body parts, women should take care of her reproductive organs too. Maintaining hygiene is of utmost importance. Merely regular bath and washing private parts with water can help prevent infections.


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