Kidney disease accounts for a number of chronic kidney disease. (CKD). People suffer from diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure are more prone to this disease.


Most people have chronic kidney disease for years without realizing it as the early signs can be very subtle and it can take many years to go from chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure. Most people with CKD live out without ever reaching kidney failure. Even people with CKD with stage 3 CKD have about an 80 percent chance of never having their kidneys fail.


Top reasons for kidney damage:-


Medications:- Long-term use of high does of Non-Sterodial Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) prescription painkillers, acetaminophen has a harmful effect on kidney tissue and structures, causing shrinkage of blood vessels in the kidneys. Diuretics (urine enhancers) medications may also cause excessive water loss, straining the kidneys.


Cigarettes:- Smoking has a direct relation to increased protein detected in the urine, affecting kidneys adversely. Diabetes and high blood pressure, diseases having an aggravting impact on kidney damage, are also exacerbated by smoking.


Sugar:- Sugar laden sweets do not impact kidneys directly but trigger and worsen other health problems like diabetes. Diabetes and obesity are two of the most common causes of kidney damage.


High-Sodium foods:- Very little sodium is required to maintain proper fluid balance in our body. Excessive salt intake triggers an avalanche in the body, increasing blood pressure, damaging the kidney’s filters — nephrons, acclerating kidney failure. Kidneys tend to retain water, needed for proper heart function, in order to dilute this excess electrolyte in the bloodstream.


Meat:- Animal protein metabolism’s acidic residue triggers our body to pull calcium and other mineral salts from the bones, in order to return you to the preferred alkaline state, overstraining kidney functions. Uric acid — a byproduct of high purine foods such as meat, seafood and fish, causes kidney stones and calcium oxalate stones, due to increase in the amount of calcium excreted in urine.


High blood pressure:- Weight control, exercise and proper diet can control blood pressure — which puts lot of stress on your kidneys and causes loss of protein. So treating your blood pressure will help protect your kidneys.


Drug allergies:- Avoid medicines that you are allergic to and ask about a drug’s effects on the kidneys anytime you take a new medication, to avoid kidney damage.


Artificial Sweetners:- Though sweetners assert that they are non-caloric, studies have shown a decline in kidney function with an intake of just two diet sodas per day.


Carbonated Beverages:- Foods like carbonated beverages (with or without artificial sweetener), and energy drinks that are high in phosphates are known to have a damaging effect on blood vessels in the kidneys a nd increase the chances of kidney stone formation.


Dairy Products:- Over consumption of dairy products, increase the excretion of calcium in the urine, which has been associated with a higher risk of developing kidney stones.


Caffeine:- Caffeine in coffee, tea, soda, and foods can stimulate blood flow, increasing blood pressure and stress on the kidneys. It substantially raises the kidney prospects of obesity and diabetic consumers. Caffeine consumption has also been linked to kidney stone formation by increasing calcium excretion in urine.


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