SKIN PIGMENTATION- A Major Problem

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Skin Pigmentation is type of disorder which is caused in skin of different body parts.

Pigmentation – It is the term used for coloring . Our skin is having a pigment of color which gives the color of our skin , called as melanin .

Melanin is synthesized by melanocytes

Melanin gives dark color to our body so,

  • If the melanin amount is so high then the person’s skin become darker in color .
  • If the melanin amount is so less then the person’s skin become whitish in color.

Colors of skin –

  • Melanin
  • Deoxyhemoglobin
  • Oxyhemoglobin

There are some disorders of pigmentation –

  • Hyperpigmentation – it is the condition of  hyper secretion of melanin
  • Hypopigmentation -it is the condition of less secretion of melanin.

Melanin synthesis and secretion influences the-

  1. skin color
  2. UV radiation
  3. Hormonal disbalance

Causes of Hypopigmentation

  • genetic disorder
  • Infection
  • Hormonal Imbalance

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

  • Nutritional Disorder
  • Post Inflammatory Disorder
  • Genetic disorder
  • Metabolic Disorder

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