HERPETIC STOMATITIS

0 Comments

Herpetic stomatitis is a viral infection of the mouth that causes sores and ulcers. These mouth ulcers are not the same as canker sores, which are not caused by a virus. Essentials of Diagnosis:- •

HAEMORRHOIDS(PILES)

0 Comments

Swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus that cause discomfort and bleeding.Haemorrhoids are usually caused by straining during bowel movements, obesity or pregnancy. Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Rectal bleeding and discomfort following defaeca-

DUMPING SYNDROME

0 Comments

Dumping syndrome is a condition that can develop after surgery to remove all or part of your stomach or after surgery to bypass your stomach to help you lose weight. The condition can also develop

DIVERTICULAR DISEASE OF COLON (Diverticulosis)

0 Comments

A condition in which small, bulging pouches develop in the digestive tract.It’s common in people over the age of 40. Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Intermittent cramping and left lower abdominal pain.• Constipation or constipation alternating

CONSTIPATION

0 Comments

When a person passes less than three bowel movements a week or has difficult bowel movements. Patient should be considered to be constipated only if defaecation is explainably delayed for days or if stools are

CHRONIC GASTRITIS

0 Comments

Any of a group of conditions in which the stomach lining is inflamed.Causes include infection, injury, regular use of pain pills called NSAIDs and too much alcohol. Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Asymptomatic or vague non-descriptive

CHRONIC CHOLECYSTITIS

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • History of frequent attacks of biliary colic (i.e. right upper quadrant abdominal pain referred to right scapula).• Flatulant dyspepsia with fatty food intolerance.• Non-functioning gall bladder on IV cholecysto-graphy or presence

CHOLERA

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Sudden onset of explosive diarrhoea.• Stool if grey, turbid without any faecal odour, bloodor pus (rice water stool).• Rapid development of dehydration, acidosis, hypo-kalaemia, hypotension.• Positive stool culture and agglutination of

CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Sudden, severe, right upper quadrant abdominal pain radiating to scapula.• Nausea, vomiting, fever, jaundice, leucocytosis.• History of such recurrent attacks persisting for hours.• Chills with gram-ve shock in cases of acute

BOTULISM

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Sudden onset of diplopia, dry mouth, dysphagia, dyspnoea, cranial nerve paralysis, muscle weakness progressing to respiratory paralysis.• History of recent ingestion of home canned or unus- ual foods.• Toxin demonstrated in

ANAL FISSURE

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- Acute pain during and after defecation. Bright red blood with stool. Tendency for constipation due to fear of pain. Treatment:--Mineral oil and stool softners daily. Mild laxative- Syp Cremaffin 2-3 tea spoon

AMOEBIASIS

0 Comments

Intestinal Amoebiasis Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Frequent passage of loose offensive stool, often mixed with blood and mucus.• Abdominal cramps.• Gaseous distention, vague abdominal pain oftenwith insomnia and depression.• A sensation of incomplete clearance of

ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Anorexia, nausea, abdominal discomfort in a patient after a recent period of heavy drinking.• Tender hepatomegaly and often jaundice.• Fever, splenomegaly, ascites, encephalopathy, abdo- minal pain and tenderness when present, further

ACUTE PANCREATITIS

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Sudden, severe epigastric pain with radiation to back in an alcoholic or in those with known biliary disease.• Fainting attacks, sweating, vomiting.• Fever, leucocytosis, paralytic ileus in some patients.• Elevated serum

ACUTE ORGANIC SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

0 Comments

ACUTE ORGANIC SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTIONEssentials of Diagnosis• Colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation borborygmus.• Tender distended abdomen.• Audible peristalsis.• X-ray evidence of gas or multiple gas and fluid levels without movement of gas. • Little or

ACUTE MESENTERIC VASCULAR OCCLUSION

0 Comments

Essentials of Diagnosis • Severe abdominal pain, nausea, fecal vomiting and bloody diarrhoea.• Severe prostration and shock.• Abdominal distention, tenderness, rigidity.• Leucocytosis and haemoconcentration. Treatment:- Restorationoffluid,electrolyteandcolloidbalance. Decompression of the bowel. Heavy doses of broad spectrum

Acute Gastritis

0 Comments

• Anorexia, epigastric fullness, nausea. • Diarrhoea, colic, haematemesis, fever, chills, head- ache and malaise are common when caused due to toxins or infections.• Epigastric tenderness present.• Endoscopy differentiates acute simple gastritis fromerosive gastritis, peptic

Categories

Recent Posts

social-

Categories

Archives