EPIGASTRIC PAIN

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Epigastric pain is the result of overeating, drinking alcohol while eating, or consuming greasy or spicy foods. Epigastric pain can be caused by digestive conditions, such as acid reflux or lactose intolerance. Gastroesophageal reflux disease

WORM INFESTATION

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Worm infestations happen when worms affect the intestines and other parts of the body. Examples of the different worms are roundworms, whipworms, hookworms, tapeworms and flukes. A patient with a mild infestation might not show

JAUNDICE

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Yellow skin caused by the build-up of bilirubin in the blood.Jaundice may occur if the liver can’t efficiently process red blood cells as they break down. It’s normal in healthy newborns and usually clears on

ASCITES

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Abdominal swelling caused by accumulation of fluid, most often related to liver disease. The most common cause of ascites is cirrhosis of the liver. Drinking too much alcohol is one of the most common causes

ANOREXIA

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Anorexia is a general loss of appetite or a loss of interest in food. Investigation:- -CBC,LFT,S.Creatinine -Urine test – X – RAY CHEST -USG ABDOMEN AND PELVIS -ENDOSCOPY Treatment:- – INJ.NEUROBION 2cc IM alternate days

ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME

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Zollinger–Ellison syndrome is a rare condition in which one or more tumors form in your pancreas or the upper part of your small intestine (duodenum). These tumors, called gastrinomas, secrete large amounts of the hormone

WILSON’S DISEASE

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An inherited disorder that causes too much copper to accumulate in the organs.In Wilson’s disease, copper isn’t eliminated properly and instead accumulates, possibly to a life-threatening level. Symptoms typically begin between the ages of 12

VIRAL HEPATITIS(Infectious Hepatitis)

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A highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus.Hepatitis A is preventable by vaccine. It spreads from contaminated food or water or contact with someone who is infected. • Anorexia, nausea, vomiting influenza

VINCENT’S STOMATITIS(Ulcerative Gingivitis)

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This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. • Ulcer surface covered

UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL HAEMORRHAGE

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Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is gastrointestinal bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, commonly defined as bleeding arising from the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. Blood may be observed in vomit or in altered form as black stool.

SECONDARY BILIARY CIRRHOSIS

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Inflammation and destruction of bile ducts in the liver, usually due to an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues. Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Symptoms of long standing cholestasis either

REGIONAL ENTERITIS(Crohn’s Disease)

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A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract.Crohn’s disease can sometimes cause life-threatening complications. Essentials of Diagnosis:- General measures • Insidious onset.• Intermittent bouts of diarrhoea, low grade fever.• Pain,

RECTAL POLYP

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Polyps are abnormal growths rising from the lining of the large intestine (colon or rectum). The rectum is the last 12 inches of the large intestine. Polyps may be flat (sessile) or develop on a

PRIMARY BILLIARY CIRRHOSIS

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Primary biliary cholangitis, previously called primary biliary cirrhosis, is a chronic disease in which the bile ducts in your liver are slowly destroyed. Bile is a fluid made in your liver. It aids with digestion

PEPTIC ESOPHAGITIS

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Esophagitis caused by the reflux of acid gastric juices through an incompetent sphincter at the junction of the esophagus with the stomach is now recognized as a common cause of upper abdominal and thoracic symptoms

PARALYTIC ILEUS (Functional Obstruction)

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Paralytic ileus is the occurrence of intestinal blockage in the absence of an actual physical obstruction. This type of blockage is caused by a malfunction in the nerves and muscles in the intestine that impairs

NODULAR CIRRHOSIS

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Essentials of Diagnosis:- • Anorexia, weight loss, anaemia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.• Palpable, firm liver with blunt edges.• Ascites.• Amenorrhoea, impotence, sterility.• Spider naevi, palmar erythema.• Splenomegaly, jaundice in some cases.• Gynaecomastia, testicular atrophy,

NAUSEA AND VOMITING

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Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but rather are symptoms of many different conditions, such as infection (“stomach flu”), food poisoning, motion sickness, overeating, blocked intestine, illness, concussion or brain injury, appendicitis and migraines. Simple

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS)

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An intestinal disorder causing pain in the stomach, wind, diarrhoea and constipation.The cause of irritable bowel syndrome isn’t well understood. A diagnosis is often made based on symptoms. Essentials of Diagnosis:- -Abdominal pain.-Altered bowel function,

INTESTINAL TUBERCULOSIS

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Gastrointestinal (GI) tuberculosis (TB) is rare and can occur in the context of active pulmonary disease or as a primary infection with no pulmonary symptoms. It typically presents with vague abdominal symptoms, making it difficult

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